Winds of change and paradigm shifts: Correspondence, distance and open learning


  • Andrew Higgins University of Otago


online learning, distance education, e-learning, distance learning, technology-enhanced learning, flexible learning, flexible delivery


This paper uses the origins of and subsequent changes to correspondence education in Queensland and New Zealand to highlight how open and flexible learning practices are influencing the normal paradigm of educational teaching, learning and service delivery.

Author Biography

Andrew Higgins, University of Otago

Head of the Flexible Learning Section in the Higher Education Development Centre