About the Journal



The Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning is the flagship refereed scholarly journal of the Flexible Learning Association of New Zealand (FLANZ).

The Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning (previously The Journal of Distance Learning) invites scholarly submissions related to open, flexible and distance learning, broadly defined. Original contributions related to distance education that relate to the four streams of scholarship proposed by Boyer (1990) are all welcome:

  • Discovery – investigative research, with supporting evidence for new ideas. What is to be found? Discovery research is typically study-based, grounded in the existing literature, and with sound methodology.
  • Integration – the bringing together of existing ideas in a summarised form, with key themes identified. What does what is found actually mean? Integration involves working with existing ideas, based on extensive literature review across disciplines.
  • Application – accounts of how distance education theory has been implemented in operational contexts. How can what is found be used? Application firmly rests on literature, providing an account of how theory has been applied and providing transferable lessons and opportunities for further research based on the experience.
  • Teaching – accounts of innovative practice, preferably informed by student evaluation. How can what is found be understood by others? Teaching research is more than a ‘look at what we did’; it is informed, reflective, and ultimately useful in other settings.

Note that not all streams will be equally represented across each issue. All articles received must be well contextualised, highlight transferable knowledge, have a strong conceptual base, and be well-grounded in distance education literature. Contributors in the Pacific Rim are particularly invited to submit manuscripts for consideration. All submissions are peer-reviewed. The language of publication is English (please note that a high level of English is expected). Articles in Te Reo will also be accepted accompanied by an English translation. 

Manuscript style. Three distinct types of manuscripts are invited.

  • Original research. Submissions of between 4000 and 6000 words, addressing one or more of Boyer's (1990) forms of scholarship above. A 250-word abstract must be included.
  • Research notes or reports. Submissions of up to 4000 words about current research in the area of distance education.
  • Book reviews. Submissions of up to 1000 words reviewing a book related to distance education theory and practice.


This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.



This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. It is also archived at the National Digital Heritage Archive at the National Library of New Zealand. 



The Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning  (JOFDL) is a scholarly agent of the Flexible Learning Association of New Zealand (FLANZ). As such, the JOFDL disseminates scholarly work which advances the theory and practice of open flexible and distance education. The journal is committed to open scholarship and publishes under provisions of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, and does not have any article processing charges (APC's) or submission charges.



The Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning (JOFDL) seeks to be an outlet for world-class scholarship in open, flexible, and distance learning and the preferred venue for publication of OFDL scholarship.