Measuring Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Efficiency: Developing a Framework


  • John Clayton Wintech & Mark Laws Endowed Chair at Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārang
  • Guimei Liu Qingdao Technical College



online learning, distance education, e-learning, distance learning, technology-enhanced learning, flexible learning, flexible delivery, open learning, open education, open educational resources, online support services, vocational education


The growing demand for an increasingly skilled competitive workforce and the associated demand for change and responsiveness in the provision of technical vocational education and training (TVET) has led to the development of stronger links between New Zealand and the People’s Republic of China. A collaborative model programme project aims to improve TVET provision in the two countries through curriculum re-design, joint programme development, and the delivery of quality New Zealand qualifications in China. Because there is there is often a gap or disconnect between policy intent and classroom reality, a critical activity of the model programme project aims to identify and measure when, how, and where this disconnect occurs. This paper identifies the performance indicators that are used to measure learner and institutional success, highlights the strategies used to evaluate the learning environments created, and reports on the development and validation of a user-driven, flexible, internet-based, learning environment instrument for use in multi-national TVET settings. It argues that this instrument provides model programme stakeholders with sufficient data to understand, economically and efficiently, the actual effect of change at the point of delivery. 

Author Biographies

John Clayton, Wintech & Mark Laws Endowed Chair at Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārang

At the time of writing this article, Dr John Clayton was the director of the Professional and Vocational Education Research Facility at Wintec. He continues his work in TVET and quality assurance as a Research Fellow for the Sino-NZ Model Programme project. In July 2016 John was appointed as the Mark Laws Endowed Chair at Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārangi. 

Guimei Liu, Qingdao Technical College

Liu Guimei is a lecturer in Qingdao Technical College, Shandong Province, P.R. China; She holds a Bachelor Degree of Literature in English and Business Administration, a Postgraduate diploma of Economics in Project Management. She has also Published 4 articles focusing on English language teaching, language assessment and student learning engagement. She obtained the third prize of Shandong Provincial Informational Teaching Competition in 2015, and the third prize of National Flipped Class Teaching Competition in 2015.